PILLAR ONE: LOCALIZED TRIPLE NEXUS
Nexus envisions programmes that combine elements of humanitarian and development programmes in a conflict-sensitive manner. Nexus aims to apply development interventions across a broader spectrum of groups traditionally targeted by humanitarian aid to foster a transition from short-term crisis response towards longer-term (development) oriented perspectives.
Humanitarian response in Somalia is hamstrung by an international aid ecosystem that is often reactive rather than proactive. Humanitarian programs are implemented in response to, not in anticipation of crisis. Nexus will change this dynamic through an integrated and anticipatory humanitarian response that acts proactively to mitigate the consequences of humanitarian crises before they occur. Through an anticipatory fund, standardized preemptive humanitarian measures, partnerships with local governments and communities and an integrated humanitarian infrastructure Nexus will revolutionize humanitarian response in Somalia. Preparedness and flexibility in dealing with recurrent and sudden-onset crises through Nexus anticipatory and emergency fund. Humanitarian assistance should aim to decrease the devastating impact of recurring shocks and explicitly focus on building self-reliance and communities’ capacities to withstand or mitigate the impacts of recurrent crises.
The backbone of Nexus’ programming, the Nexus model for community-driven development will form the foundation for Nexus interventions that strengthen livelihoods, build resilience, develop infrastructure, train communities on housing, land and property rights, amongst other topics, and the like. The Community-Driven Development (CDD) model supports community-prioritized interventions to improve livelihoods and build demand and capacity for local level development at community level.
Conflict dynamics in Somalia are vertical and horizontal, including between armed groups, clans and sub-clans, with diverse conflict drivers. Somalia also possesses intricate and deep systems for peacebuilding and conflict resolution, which Nexus will seek to draw on while diversifying mechanisms and promoting social cohesion. Interventions will include activities such as peace and civic education, conflict resolution training and reconciliation initiatives. In addition, all development and humanitarian interventions shall be done in a conflict-sensitive manner bearing in mind the Do-No-Harm principle.
Localization of Aid Local actors are crucial to humanitarian action and are commonly among the first responders to sudden-onset disasters. Their ability to respond in a timely manner results from the fact that they are often part of the affected population, providing opportunities for local participation and contextually relevant assistance. Nexus Consortium Somalia has been a vocal voice in localization in Somalia. Our member organizations are actively involved in chairing localization working group and continuously participating in advocacy workshops on Localization. The Nexus Secretariat consistently participates on panel discussions in high level meetings in Somalia and globally. For instance, Humanitarian Networks and Partnership Week (HNPW), AidEX conference in Africa (Nairobi) and globally (Geneva) and many other national and international conferences.
Although, women empowerment is cross-cutting, a subsection under is pillar is given considering the depth and persistence of gender inequity in Somalia and Somaliland. A significant focus of this section will include research and advocacy to inform humanitarian, development and peace actors and advocate for improved ways of working that more coherently address women’s specific needs. Several activities were conducted, and more are to come. For instance, a research study on Women Leadership has been conducted resulting in the formulation of “Women Leadership Tool”, advocacy efforts for women empowerment (adoption and implementation of Sexual Offences Bill and representation of women in the parliament) are ongoing and reshaping policy making by advocating for significant legislation like NGO bill, protection and child rights bill among others.
This pillar will focus on ensuring a coherent and cascading model of institutional strengthening for Nexus’ members and a group of phase two members, alongside setting common standards in the sector. Nexus members will be supported with software and hardware tailored towards their specific needs and through training of trainer modalities, enabling them to then replicate interventions other institutions, thus creating the cascading effect. In connection, this pillar will also have a strong advocacy component and constructive engagement with local authorities, including Nexus’ ambitions for thought leadership through nuanced, context-specific research initiatives to guide broader programmatic interventions, and also leverage for advocacy purposes.
Nexus has a vibrant Institutional Development Unit (IDU) whose two primary objectives are I. To strengthen the capacity of the 9 core Nexus member organizations, guiding both ‘hard and soft’ investments through partner-authored capacity development plans. II. To introduce and advocate for a singular, comprehensive partner capacity assessment tool for Somalia and Somaliland – accommodating the expectations of a key range of donors – from which partners can graduate against common standards. 6 Establishing a set of Somali-specific assessment standards, Nexus will deliver holistic and strategic institutional strengthening, which is critical not just for ensuring more robust institutions but also for Somali civil society and government to adapt to the evolving Somali context. Organizational Capacity Assessment (OCA) was undertaken for each Nexus organization by a consultant engaged by Save the Children International (SCI), the INGO that manages the IDU component. The findings and recommendations of the assessment led to the development of Capacity Development Plans for each organization which is set to be implemented. The three thematic areas of Human Resource Management, Procurement, Logistics and supply chain and Monitoring Evaluation Accountability and Knowledge Management were identified collectively as areas where capacity strengthening should be done. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), a digital platform that integrates finance, procurement, logistics and programmes, was procured for two Nexus member organizations that were using quick books and upgrading was done for the six who had the system in place. Plans are in place to also work closely with local government departments to help with capacity strengthening.
NEXUS STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES
Nexus is a platform for locally led change in response to the current challenges to Somalia and Somaliland. The main objectives of Nexus Consortium include:
I. Deliver humanitarian response to save lives/livelihood.
II. Enhance disaster preparedness and resourcing response to reduce vulnerabilities.
III. Empower communities to design and deliver their own initiatives.
IV. Mobilize actors to support community development initiatives by shifting the paradigm from international to local organizations for strengthening the bottom-up approach to address the challenges faced by local communities at grassroots level.
V. Contribute to a peaceful and stable Somali society to achieve sustainable development.
VI. Advance the Somali aid system through empowering the locally led approach by
delivering integrated peacebuilding, humanitarian and development Programmes.
VII. Generate spaces for local organizations to seek, scale-up and deliver integrated
programming through multidimensional engagements between local communities, civil society and the public and private sectors.